PVDF-HFP-NH4CF3SO3-SiO2 Nanocomposite Polymer Electrolytes for Protonic Electrochemical Cell
This paper describes the preparation and characterization of proton conducting nanocomposite polymer electrolytes based a polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexapropylene (PVDF-HFP) for protonic electrochemical cells. The electrolytes were characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Impedance Spectroscopy (IS). It is observed that the crystallinity of the PVDF-HFP-NH4CF3SO3 system slightly increase upon addition of SiO2 nanofiller. The PVDF-HFP-NH4CF3SO3-SiO2 electrolytes reveals the existence of two conductivity maxima at 1 and 4 wt% of SiO2 concentration attributed to two percolation thresholds in the nanocomposite polymer electrolyte. The optimum value of conductivity of 1.07 × 10-3 S cm-1 is achieved for the nanocomposite polymer electrolyte film with 1 wt% SiO2. Protonic electrochemical cells was fabricated with a configuration Zn + ZnSO4.7H2O + PTFE (anode) | PVDF-HFP:NH4CF3SO3+SiO2 (electrolyte) | MnO2 + PTFE (cathode). The maximum open circuit voltage (OCV) is ~1.50 V and discharge characteristics of the cell were studied at different loads of resistances.
S.M. Sapuan, F. Mustapha, D.L. Majid, Z. Leman, A.H.M. Ariff, M.K.A. Ariffin, M.Y.M. Zuhri, M.R. Ishak and J. Sahari
N. Muda et al., "PVDF-HFP-NH4CF3SO3-SiO2 Nanocomposite Polymer Electrolytes for Protonic Electrochemical Cell", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 471-472, pp. 373-378, 2011