In this paper, the hardness property of abaca (Musa textile Nee) fibre reinforced high impact polystyrene (HIPS) composites with maelic anhydride (MAH) used as coupling agent and styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) copolymer rubber (Cyclo resin) used as impact modifier was investigated using response surface methodology.. The composites were initially fabricated using a rolling machine and finally using a hot press machine to obtain a desired thickness. These samples were then tested for Brinell hardness test. A statistical approach of response surface methodology was used to obtain the interaction between various compositions mentioned above for abaca fibre reinforced HIPS composites. The BHN (Brinell hardness number) was analyzed using response surface methodology (Box Behnken method).