Biomechanical Characterization of a Cervical Corporectomy Using Porcine Specimens, Following an Experimental Approach
In this paper, the interaction among cervical vertebrae, a cervical plate and a bone graft implant, which is developed in a Corporectomy, is analyzed in an experimental form. In the case of specific damaged vertebra, its replacement is one of the alternative solutions. However, the displacement between the vertebral adjacent facets and the bone graft is a critical parameter which has to be evaluated in order to ensure the stability of the spine. Besides, it is advisable to make a precise evaluation of the structural integrity of the arrangement. For this study, porcine cervical vertebrae (C3-C5) were instrumented in order to replace a damaged C4 vertebra. This arrangement was tested under compression. The experimental observations were complemented with a numerical model. The displacements between the vertebral facets and the bone graft were measured. They are lower than 3 mm in order to develop stability in the spine. Besides, the proposed arrangement has structural integrity and the surgical procedure is simplified, as no wires are used.
Andreas Öchsner, Lucas F.M. da Silva and Holm Altenbach
L. H. Hernández-Gómez et al., "Biomechanical Characterization of a Cervical Corporectomy Using Porcine Specimens, Following an Experimental Approach", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 478, pp. 103-111, 2011