PH Evolution and Cytotoxicity of [Alpha]-Tricalcium Phosphate Cement with Three Different Additives
An application of calcium phosphates is as bone cements, among which the system based on alpha-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) exhibits excellent properties. The aim of this study is to analyze pH evolution and cytotoxicity of α-TCP cement with three different additives. Changes on the pH were measured at intervals of 12h during seven days. But initial measurements were executed at each 15 minutes. Indirect cytotoxicity test was performed according to ISO (10993-5, 1992) employing CHO-k1 cells and RPMI 1640 as culture medium. It was used a colorimetric method which uses the tetrazolium compound. The additives used on the liquid phase were disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na2HPO4) and/or citric acid (C6H8O7) and/or tannic acid (C76H52O46). The results indicate that the cement without additives does not have requirements to be applied like bone cement, while the other cements composition exhibit different responses in the pH and the cytotoxicity test. In conclusion, due to the presence of additives it was possible to control pH evolution during setting and cytotoxic response. However, further investigation is necessary in order to determine the influence of these additives, mainly tannic acid, on the in vivo behavior of these bone cements.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
H.A.I. Cardoso et al., "PH Evolution and Cytotoxicity of [Alpha]-Tricalcium Phosphate Cement with Three Different Additives", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 403-408, 2012