Dynamic Twin Nucleation at Triple Junctions in Fe-32%Ni Stainless Steel
The preferential initiation of dynamic recrystallization (DRX) at triple junctions (TJs) in stainless steel polycrystals was investigated in compression at 1123 K to 1323 K at a strain rate of 2 x 10-4 s-1. Nucleation appeared at TJs at strains as low as 0.1. This strain is only about 1/5 to 1/2 of the peak strain at which DRX is conventionally believed to occur extensively. Furthermore, DRX nucleation was not observed to take place at grain boundaries or in the matrix at this strain. The probability of DRX nucleation at TJs increased monotonically with strain and temperature. It also depended on the angle, y, between the compression axis and the sliding boundary. That is, when the angle, y, approaches 45 degrees, the probability of DRX nucleation at TJs is higher. These results reveal the important role of grain-boundary sliding (GBS) on DRX nucleation at TJs. It should also be noted that more than 90% of the grains nucleated at TJs were twins. Such dynamic twinning suggests that the essential DRX nucleation mechanism is twinning.
Paul Van Houtte and Leo Kestens
H. Miura et al., "Dynamic Twin Nucleation at Triple Junctions in Fe-32%Ni Stainless Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 495-497, pp. 1159-1164, 2005