Electrochemical Characterization of Ti and Ti Base Alloys under Simulated Body Fluid Environment
Ti and Ti based alloys are characterised by a continuous electrochemical monitoring and a rapid straining electrode technique in simulated body fluid environment. Materials examined are Ti, Ti-6Al-7Nb, Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr. Sterilized specimens were immersed in Hanks solution or Eagle’s minimum essential medium (MEM) solution. Electrode potential and polarization resistance were simultaneously and continuously measured up to 7 days. For all the specimens examined, the corrosion potential reached to a steady state in 2 days for both solutions. On the other hand, corrosion resistance increased monotonously for the period examined. Tensile specimens were rapidly elongated under potentio-static polarization to evaluate the transient current after exposure of newly-created surface. The anodic current appeared during both elastic and plastic deformation. For Ti alloys, anodic current started to increase gradually during elastic deformation, then increased more rapidly to reveal a maximum when straining was stopped, then decreased. Pure Ti, on the other hand, revealed the transient current after plastic deformation, but does not show any current increase during elastic deformation. The larger dissolution for a straining was observed as the following order; Ti, Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr, Ti-6Al-7Nb, then Ti-6Al-4V.
Yukichi Umakoshi and Shinji Fujimoto
S. Fujimoto et al., "Electrochemical Characterization of Ti and Ti Base Alloys under Simulated Body Fluid Environment", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 512, pp. 249-254, 2006