A Comparative Study of Microstructure and Residual Stresses of CMT-, MIG- and Laser-Hybrid Welds
Recently a new welding technique, the so-called ‘Cold Metal Transfer’ (CMT) technique was introduced, which due to integrated wire feeding leads to lower heat input and higher productivity compared to other gas metal arc (GMA) technique. Here microstructure formation and residual stress state in aluminum CMT welds are characterized and compared to those produced by pulsed MIG- and Laser-hybrid techniques. The results show a small heat affected zone (HAZ) in the MIG weld, the HAZ in the CMT and the laser hybrid welds was not visible by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Compared to the MIG welding the CMT process appears to introduce slightly smaller maximum tensile residual stresses into the weld.
W. Reimers and S. Quander
H. Pinto et al., "A Comparative Study of Microstructure and Residual Stresses of CMT-, MIG- and Laser-Hybrid Welds", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 524-525, pp. 627-632, 2006