New Experimental Facts Concerning the Thermally Stimulated Discharge Current in Dielectric Materials
The thermally stimulated discharge current (TSDC) method is a very sensitive and a very selective technique to analyze dipole disorientation and the movement of de-trapped space charge (SC). We have proposed a variant of the TSDC method, namely the final thermally stimulated discharge current (FTSDC) technique. The experimental conditions can be selected so that the FTSDC is mainly determined by the SC de-trapping. The temperatures of the maximum intensity of the fractional polarization peaks obtained at low temperature, in the range of the local (secondary) relaxation, are in general about 10 to 20 K above the poling temperature. Measurements of the FTSDC in a wide temperature range demonstrate the existence of an apparent peak at a temperature Tma shifted with about 10 to 30 K above the charging temperature Tc. The shift of Tma with respect to Tc depends on the experimental conditions. The peak width at the half maximum intensity decreases as Tc increases and the thermal apparent activation energy increases. The variations are not monotonous revealing the temperature range where the molecular motion is stronger and consequently the charge trapping and de-trapping processes are affected. Our results demonstrate that there is a strong similarity between the elementary peaks obtained by the two methods, and the current is mainly determined by SC de-trapping. Even the best elementary peaks are not fitted very well by the analytical equation, indicating that the hypothesis behind this equation have to be reconsidered.
António Torres Marques, António Fernando Silva, António Paulo Monteiro Baptista, Carlos Sá, Fernando Jorge Lino Alves, Luís Filipe Malheiros and Manuel Vieira
E. R. Neagu et al., "New Experimental Facts Concerning the Thermally Stimulated Discharge Current in Dielectric Materials", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 587-588, pp. 328-332, 2008