Carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) were prepared by the wet chemical method. The contact angle was measured to calculate the surface energy. The biomineralization process in SBF solution of HA and CHA were investigated in vitro. The cell attachment and proliferation behavior of CHA and HA were compared by the cell culture experiments. The results show that the polar component of surface energy of B-type CHA is higher than that of HA. Osteoblastic cells attach and proliferate very well on the surface, which indicates the excellent cell compatibility. The CHA have high bioactivity owing to rapid formation of hydroxyl-carbonate-apatite (HCA) mineralized layer on the biomaterial’s surface in SBF.