Effect of TiO2 Nanoparticle on Thermal and Tensile Behavior of Polypropylene/ Polylactic Acid Composite
The role of both nano-sized of plasma treated Nano Titanium Dioxide particles and strain rate on the tensile properties of plasma treated Nano Titanium Dioxide particles/PP/PLA nano-composites filaments (PTNTOPPCF) was studied. Filaments tensile samples of PTNTOPPCF were prepared by a twin screw mixer- twin screw extruder with a particle content of 0.3~1%. The influence of surface treatment of the particles, with and without low-temperature oxygen plasma treatment, on the physico-mechanical properties was studied. The tensile tests were carried out, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and SEM were used in this investigation. Tensile tests were done at different strain rates. The addition of plasma treated Nano Titanium Dioxide particles to PP/PLA caused a change in Young's modulus and yield stress of its composites. The experimental results also showed that the strain-rate sensitivity of PTNTOPPCF changed as plasma with and without oxygen treated Nano Titanium Dioxide particles was added to it with different o.w.f.. We found that the models lead to estimates of activation volumes in the range 4−40nm3 for truly nanocrystalline material. Activation volumes were found to changing un-monotonically with oxygen plasma treatment. The findings were found to be in accord with available experimental evidence in both a quantitative and qualitative manner. Deficiencies in the available experimental evidence were noted, specifically in the context of explaining some of the difficulties in comparing theoretical predictions to experimental observation.
Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou
Y. C. Zhang et al., "Effect of TiO2 Nanoparticle on Thermal and Tensile Behavior of Polypropylene/ Polylactic Acid Composite", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 316-322, 2009