Study on Properties of Quasi Solid Polymer Electrolyte Based on PVdF-PMMA Blend for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Abstract:

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Poly(vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF) is photochemically stable even in the presence of TiO2 and Pt nanoparticles, and poly(methacrylate)(PMMA) has good solvent retention. The quasi-solid electrolytes based on PVDF-PMMA blend polymer were prepared in this work by soaking a porous membrane in an organic electrolyte solution containing the I−/I3− redox couple. The as-prepared electrolytes were characterized by means of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscope respectively. Moreover, the conductivity and the voltage-current curves of the electrolytes were measured by electrochemical workstation. The results indicated that the optimum blend proportion of PVDF and PMMA was 6:4. The porous structure prepared with the addition of propanetriol was beneficial to ion diffusion and thus enhanced the conductivity of the electrolytes. The gel polymer electrolyte had a conductivity of 0.14 mS•cm-1 under the ambient atmosphere. Furthermore, electrolytes were assembled to fabricate DSSCs and the performance of the cells was tested. The good properties with the open-circuit voltage of 0.60V and the short-circuit current of 1.1mAcm-2 were achieved upon illumination with visible light.

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Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 610-613)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou

Pages:

347-352

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.610-613.347

Citation:

Y. Yang et al., "Study on Properties of Quasi Solid Polymer Electrolyte Based on PVdF-PMMA Blend for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 347-352, 2009

Online since:

January 2009

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$35.00

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