One-Step Sintering of CoSb3 Thermoelectric Material and Cu-W Alloy by Spark Plasma Sintering
In this study, we designed a suitable electrode material was designed, Cu-W alloy, which achieved a good thermal match with CoSb3 thermoelectric (TE) material. By means of spark plasma sintering (SPS), Cu-W alloy was introduced into CoSb3/Ti/Cu-W TE element successfully. Finite element analysis showed that the maximum thermal residual stress appeared at the cylindrical surface zone close to the CoSb3/electrode interface. SEM and EPMA results showed that an intermetallic compound (IMC) layer formed at the CoSb3/Ti interface and EDS analysis confirmed the IMC layer was TiSb phase. Shear tests showed that the shear strength of CoSb3/Ti/Cu70W30 joint was about 50Mpa. The potential profile of the interface area was measured by the four-probe method and the result showed no abrupt change in voltage was found around the interface. The high temperature reliability evaluation showed the joint had high thermal duration stability.
Zhong Wei Gu, Yafang Han, Fu Sheng Pan, Xitao Wang, Duan Weng and Shaoxiong Zhou
D. G. Zhao et al., "One-Step Sintering of CoSb3 Thermoelectric Material and Cu-W Alloy by Spark Plasma Sintering", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 610-613, pp. 389-393, 2009