Heat Treatment Variability Effects on the Mechanical Properties of Beta Solution Treated Ti-6Al-4V
Beta solution heat treatment is used to increase the fatigue crack growth resistance of Ti-6AL-4V. Unfortunately, the beta solution heat treatment is very sensitive to maximum temperature, time at temperature and cooling rate. In order to determine the effect of these parameters on mechanical properties, several different titanium billets and forgings were heat treated at various times and temperatures. The forgings had differing amounts of work, reflecting the potential for thermomechanical processing differences seen in a die forged component. Fracture toughness and tensile tests were conducted on the billets and forgings. In addition, sections of each work piece were excised and examined microscopically. The results from the study indicate there is a significant effect of heat treatment on thicker section components. In these cases, grains near the surface may grow large, while being barely transformed near the center. The change in microstructure has an effect on mechanical properties. Material with the larger grains tends to have worse ductility, while the fracture toughness properties of the material tend to decrease with grain size.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
J.R. Calcaterra "Heat Treatment Variability Effects on the Mechanical Properties of Beta Solution Treated Ti-6Al-4V", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 401-406, 2010