Formation of Deformation Twins and Related Shear Bands in Copper Single Crystals Pressed by ECAP
The pure copper single crystals with specific crystallographic orientated were subjected to ECAP for one pass at room temperature. Two types of shear bands were observed. Type 1 shear bands were constructed with clusters of distorting micro shear bands and matrix. Micro shear band and matrix were delineated by large-angle grain boundaries, and these two orientations are in a twinning relationship. Parallel sets of deformation twins were observed in the matrix. Type 2 shear bands had no crystallographic feature, and shear band and matrix were considered as low-angle grain boundaries. Deformation twin was not observed both in matrix and the shear bands.
Jian-Feng Nie and Allan Morton
T. Ikeda et al., "Formation of Deformation Twins and Related Shear Bands in Copper Single Crystals Pressed by ECAP", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 654-656, pp. 1231-1234, 2010