Hardness of Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu (mass%) subjected to a solution treatment (ST) at a temperature over 1073 K followed by water quenching increases drastically. This unique hardening behavior is not clarified becasue of their complex microsturucures. In this study, the relationship between the unique hardening behaviour and the microstructure of dental Ag-20Pd-12Au-xCu subjected to ST with different Cu/Ag ratios was investigated. The Vickers hardness of Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu increases remarkably from 192 to 286 Hv after ST whereas that of Ag-20Pd-12Au-6.5Cu decreases and that of Ag-20Pd-12Au-20Cu increases slightly after ST, respectively. The spotty regions are observed in only certain areas of Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu subject to ST. It is considered that the appearance of the spotty regions affects mainly to the unique hardening behaviour in Ag-20Pd-12Au-xCu.