The Dynamic Behavior of Ultra-Fine-Grained Copper Fabricated by Equal Channel Angular Pressing
The high-strain-rate response of ultra-fine-grained (UFG) copper fabricated by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) has been characterized by Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) test and quasi-static compression test has also been performed for comparison here. In the result of quasi-static tests a maximum yield stress equal to 432 MPa has been reached, at the same time the corresponding value turned out to be 995 MPa after a dynamic loading with the strain rate equal to 1700 s-1. It has been demonstrated that the strain rate sensitivity coefficient (m) has enhanced from 0.026 (coarse-grained copper) to 0.037 (UFG copper). Microstructure has indicated a high dislocation density and deformation twins inside the grains formed after a high-strain-rate deformation, which resulted in a high flow stress. The occurrence of a dynamic recrystallization has also been observed in the UFG copper subjected to high-strain-rate deformation. This has become apparent as an accelerated thermal softening and inherent instability typical for the UFG structure. Absence of adiabatic shear bands pointed out that UFG copper can be subjected to a dynamic impact without any fracture.
Jing Tao Wang, Roberto B. Figueiredo and Terence G. Langdon
Y. C. Dong et al., "The Dynamic Behavior of Ultra-Fine-Grained Copper Fabricated by Equal Channel Angular Pressing", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 667-669, pp. 891-896, 2011