Sintering and Electrical Properties of Tungsten Doped Pb(Zr0.95Ti0.05)O3 Ferroelectric Ceramics
The effect of WO3 additions on the sintering ability and electrical properties of Pb(Zr0.95Ti0.05)O3 ferroelectric ceramics (PZT 95/5) was investigated. Pure and W-doped PZT 95/5 ceramics were prepared by the usual ceramic technique from raw oxides. The bulk density, microstructure, electrical properties of ceramics as a function of WO3 content were characterized. The results showed that the WO3 addition was benefit for the sintering densification of PZT, and the ceramics with 2.0 mol% WO3 addition exhibited the maximum value for the density (7.8 g/cm3) at a sintering temperature of 1250 °C. Moreover, piezoelectric constant (d33), relative dielectric constant (εr), dielectric loss (tanδ) and ferroelectric hysteresis loop of PZT 95/5 ceramics at the sintering temperature of 1250 °C all altered regularly with the change of WO3 doping level, whose optimum values were all obtained by doping 2.0 mol% WO3. The best values obtained for these parameters were: d33 = 65 pC/N, εr = 314, tanδ = 0.028, Pr = 24.80 µC/cm2 and Ec = 1890 V/mm, respectively. These results show that tungsten doped Pb(Zr0.95Ti0.05)O3 ferroelectric ceramics can be hopefully used for the pulsed power devices.
Chengming Li, Chengbao Jiang, Zhiyong Zhong and Yichun Zhou
J. X. Wang et al., "Sintering and Electrical Properties of Tungsten Doped Pb(Zr0.95Ti0.05)O3 Ferroelectric Ceramics", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 687, pp. 380-384, 2011