Materials Science Forum
This book reviews recent developments in the field of shape memory materials, which are becoming more and more important as 'smart (intelligent)' materials. The fundamental principles and properties are discussed, as well as the associated experimental and processing methods. Special emphasis is placed on the present, and potential future, applications of SMMs.
Superelastic wires are already being used for the antennae of cellular phones, and medical stents and guide wires promise to become big business as well. Rapid progress is also being made in fundamental aspects, such as the kinetics of martensitic transformations, premartensitic behavior, aging problems, thin-film SMA, etc. Moreover, new experimental techniques are becoming available: such as imaging plane, TEM with energy filter, AFM, grazing-angle x-ray reflection, etc.
This interdisciplinary book presents the current state-of-the-art in the fields of Nitrides and Oxynitrides, and covers all aspects of the application of nitrides in ceramics, metallic alloys, glasses, composites, coatings, sensors, catalysts and electronic thin films.
The proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Powder iffraction cover 191 papers in the areas of X-ray and neutron diffraction (36 papers). Chapters on Method Development, Development of Instruments and Techniques, Software, Synchrotron and Neutron Diffraction offer new ideas on subjects as Microstructure of Materials, Determination of Crystallographic Structure, Quantitative Phase Analysis, and Texture & Coarse Grains. Developments in analysis using the X-ray lens –a bundle of glass capillaries- and single or double X-ray mirrors continue.
High-nitrogen steels (HNS) are finding increased application in energy production, transportation, pulp and paper, oil and gas and chemical process industries, due to their outstanding mechanical properties as well as their corrosion/oxidation and wear resistance. The aim of this conference was to bring together experts from end-users (engineering and manufacturing companies), and participants from steel producers and research organizations, in order to exchange experience, scientific data and technical information regarding high-nitrogen steels.
The rare earth elements and compounds have unique spectroscopic, magnetic and chemical properties. These materials not only provide interesting windows into many aspects of science but are being used in an ever increasing number of strategic applications, particularly in the high growth sectors of world economics such as electronics, environmental protection (catalysis), magnets, nuclear medicine therapy and agriculture.
Among the various topics covered in the present volume are the synthesis and processing of materials using mechanical alloying, grinding, mechanosynthesis and mechanochemistry; the structural characterisation of nanophase materials and the structural evolution caused by mechanical treatments; the magnetic and mechanical properties of nanocrystalline materials; and the basic mechanisms of fabrication processes.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
The papers of this second conference summarize the progress made in three major target areas; (1) to identify new phenomena in superplasticity, (2) to extend superplasticity research into the atomistic level of grain boundary analysis and (3) to find ways of enhancing collaboration between scientists and industrial engineers.
This publication contains the proceedings of the sixth Latin-American Workshop on "Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications". The 85 peer-reviewed academic and technical papers cover a wide spectrum of the many interesting aspects of this subject. The contents are grouped under the headings: fundamental properties, thin films and magneto-optics, manganites and oxides, magneto-resistance and magneto-impedance, hard magnets, low temperature magnetism, ferrites and steels, and fluids and particles.