Materials Science Forum
These volumes of Materials Science Forum contain selected papers presented at the Sixth International Symposium on Electrochemical Methods in Corrosion Research.
The focal points was the industrial application of electrochemical methods for corrosion testing and monitoring as well as for corrosion prediction, prevention and control. Special emphasis was placed on the availability and reliability of test methods for improving the quality of metallic materials and their industrial applicability, as well as on the equipment to be used to this end. Nevertheless, fundamental research was also covered by a large number of papers.
The proceedings of this Symposium cover a broad range of areas concerned with thin film research and applications. Particular emphasis is placed on the properties of thin films and their final application in modern technology.
The technology of microalloying is now, at the end of the 20th century, widely accepted due to the attractive balance of properties which is achievable with the correct control of the interaction between steel chemistry and processing parameters. Microalloying is applied to a broad spectrum of products and has two main goals: to improve the mechanical properties and to save costs.
Modern Technology depends upon modern materials. Life as we know it would hardly be possible without the progress that has been made in cutting edge materials science. This is true of both the various theoretical aspects and of the practical engineering applications.
The EPDIC-5 Proceedings present the latest papers in this successful series of European Conferences on Powder Diffraction. They demonstrate the evergrowing interest from materials scientists, physicists, chemists, geologists - both industrial and academic- all having a direct interest in the practical application of this powerful and non-destructive method of analysis.
Part 1 comprises some 75 contributions, with sections on Methodological Developments, Development of Instruments and Techniques, Software, Synchrotron and Neutron Diffraction describing the latest ideas in these fields. Subjects such as Microstructure of Materials, Texture, Quantitative Phase Analysis and Crystal Structure Determination are also addressed; as in previous editions of these conference proceedings. An important step forward in materials analysis is now occurring: scientists and engineers are becoming more and more conscious of the fact that, by using these techniques, it is possible to obtain quantitative information from the same set of measurements, of material characteristics, that determine material properties. This advance has been made possible thanks to recent instrumental developments, such as the X-ray lens -a bundle of glass capillaries- and single or double X-ray mirrors. A very useful tool, that is extensively applied -as described in a sequence of some 15 contributions-, is the in-situ (i.e. time resolved) powder diffraction technique which has resulted from the ample availability of position sensitive detectors.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Preferred crystal orientations and their statistical distribution – the polycrystalline 'texture' – are of major scientific interest and are of great importance in a wide range of industrial applications. The aim of this book is to monitor the rapid progress made in this field during the last few years.
Texture analysis has expanded beyond its traditional domain of cubic metals and alloys to encompass virtually all crystalline, and even partially crystalline, materials - including natural as well as man-made ones such as geological samples, minerals, ceramics, polymers, composites, low-symmetry materials, thin films and layers. The main objectives are to obtain a better understanding and control of the properties of anisotropic materials (as related to bulk, grain or grain boundary structures), recrystallization and grain growth, deformation textures, and correlations between internal stress, composition and texture.
There is a growing interest in the field of Mechanically Alloyed, Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials, especially with regard to linking basic research efforts to technological requirements of industrial applications.
A major objective of the present book was to ensure that the various disciplines involved in the study, development and commercialization of these materials were well represented. The technical objective was to address key issues which are associated with the science and technology of this rapidly evolving field of research.
This two-volume set documents the present understanding of many topics of interest, such as the growth of bulk crystals, the growth of epitaxial layers, theoretical modelling, the characterization of as-grown material, the development of suitable processes and of electronic devices which can operate under extreme conditions and exhibit outstanding properties.