Catalytic Activity for Methane Flameless Combustion and Thermal Stability of Nano-Sized Lanthanum Cobaltites Doped with Ce, Pr and Tb
High surface area nano-sized catalysts with the general formula La0.9M0.1CoO3 (M=Ce, Pr, Tb) were synthesised by a novel flame-spray-pyrolysis method. All the prepared samples possessed the LaCoO3 perovskite-like structure and consisted of 30-60 nm particles, but existing as large (80-200 nm) agglomerates. Their surface area ranged from 45 to 60 m2/g. All the catalysts showed a very high activity for methane flameless combustion, attaining 100% conversion at temperatures Tf, between 495 and 515 0C, depending on the nature of the M doping ion. The results of life-tests did not show any decreasing of catalytic activity after 50 h under the reaction conditions at Tf. The thermal stability under high temperature application was investigated by overheating the catalysts twice at 800 0C for 1 hr in a flowing reacting gas mixture, fast deactivation cycles, and then measuring methane conversion at Tf. All the catalysts showed a significant decrease of activity, depending on the chemical composition. Taking account of the results of SEM analysis, this was attributed to sintering, connected with the Gibbs instability of nano-sized materials.
Witold Łojkowski and John R. Blizzard, Urszula Narkiewicz and Janusz D. Fidelus
A.Y. Kryukov et al., "Catalytic Activity for Methane Flameless Combustion and Thermal Stability of Nano-Sized Lanthanum Cobaltites Doped with Ce, Pr and Tb", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 128, pp. 255-260, 2007