Wet Chemical Oxidation of Silicon Surfaces Prior to the Deposition of All-PECVD AlOx/a-SiNx Passivation Stacks for Silicon Solar Cells
Aluminum oxide (AlOx) is currently under intensive investigation for use in surface passivation schemes in solar cells. AlOx films contain negative charges and therefore generate an accumulation layer on p-type silicon surfaces, which is very favorable for the rear side of p-type silicon solar cells as well as the p+-emitter at the front side of n-type silicon solar cells. However, it has been reported that quality of an interfacial silicon sub-oxide layer (SiOx), which is usually observed during deposition of AlOx on Silicon, strongly impacts the silicon/AlOx interface passivation properties . The present work demonstrates that a convenient way to control the interface is to form thin wet chemical oxides of high quality prior to the deposition of AlOx/a-SiNx:H stacks by the plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD).
Paul Mertens, Marc Meuris and Marc Heyns
A. Laades et al., "Wet Chemical Oxidation of Silicon Surfaces Prior to the Deposition of All-PECVD AlOx/a-SiNx Passivation Stacks for Silicon Solar Cells", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 195, pp. 310-313, 2013