Papers by Keyword: Organic Solar Cell

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Authors: Young Il Kwon, Dae Hyun Jeong
Abstract: For an efficient solution in the organic solar cell, the requirements may be largely as follows: development of organic semi-conductor material with a low energy band gap, enhancement of efficiency through morphology and surface control and an increase in efficiency utilizing tandem cell and plasmon technology. This study analyzed research trends in these three fields through a network analysis and mapping analysis using thesis information and patent information. It was shown that in case of the enhancement of efficiency through the development of semi-conductor material with an energy band gap on organic solar cell, morphology and surface control, there have been many ongoing studies since 2007. The enhancement technology for efficient utilization of tandem cell and plasmon technology has been frequently studied recently.
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Authors: Nasehah Syamin Sabri, Chi Chin Yap, Muhammad Yahaya, Muhamad Mat Salleh, Mohammad Hafizuddin Haji Jumali
Abstract: This paper reports the effect of perovskite layer on enhancing the inverted type hybrid organic solar cell performance. The mixtures of methylammonium iodide (CH3NH3I) and lead (II) chloride (PbCl2) were dissolved in N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) solvent and was spin-coated onto fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass substrate coated with zinc oxide nanorod arrays (ZnONRAs). The poly (3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) film was then spin-coated onto CH3NH3I(3-x)PbClx perovskite layer, followed by silver (Ag) deposition using magnetron sputtering technique. The FTO/ZnO seed/ZnONRAs/CH3NH3PbI(3-x)Clx /P3HT/Ag device was fabricated. A device without perovskite layer was also fabricated for comparison. A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 0.56% was achieved with the introduction of perovskite layer. The PCE was approximately six times greater than the device without perovskite layer, as a result of wider light absorption range and higher exciton dissociation efficiency.
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Authors: Irma Hidayanti Halim Affendi, Najwa Ezira Ahmed Azhar, Puteri Sarah Mohamad Saad, Salman A.H. Alrokayan, Haseeb A. Khan, M. Rusop
Abstract: Titanium Dioxide film will be deposited on a glass slide substrate by spin coating technique which is the frequently used technique because of its easy operation and cheap due to the sol gel preparation. The deposited films were then characterized by cross section technique using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) to investigate the thickness based on the number of coatings. Then by the same FESEM, the surface morphology was studied to see the grain size and the porosity of each film based on the number of coatings. AFM was used to see the uniformity of the thin film's surface. Then by using current voltage (IV) measurement, the electrical property of the film can be studied, from IV characterization the resistivity of the film will be calculated. In this investigation, it is found that by increasing the coating layer, the resistivity values were decreasing whereas the conductivity of the film is increasing since conductivity is the inverse of resistivity. The porosity of the film also increases with the coating layers.
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Authors: Ping Li Qin, Guo Jia Fang, Qin He, Wei Jun Ke, Hong Wei Lei, Qin Liu, Guang Yang, Xing Zhong Zhao
Abstract: A simple and efficient method has been developed to eliminate the internal stress in molybdenum oxides by an ultraviolet ozone treatment. The results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy indicate that oxygen vacancy was a determining factor of the compressive stress in MoO3, which can be released by ultraviolet ozone treatment. Based on this hole-transporting layer, the photovoltaic power conversion efficiency up to 3.91% was achieved, which is 22% higher than that without ultraviolet ozone treatment. And ultraviolet ozone treatment on MoO3 is a useful method to embellish the interface to enhance the ability of collecting hole of hole-transporting layer to improve the performance of OSC with MoO3 film as hole-transporting layer.
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Authors: B. Agyei-Tuffour, E.R. Rwenyagila, J. Asare, O.K. Oyewole, M.G. Zebaze Kana, D.M. O’Carroll, W.O. Soboyejo
Abstract: This paper explored the effects of pressure on contacts between layers of organic photovoltaic cells with poly (3-hexylthiophene):phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) as the active layer. The contacts between the layers are modeled using analytical concepts and finite element models. The potential effects of surface roughness and dust particles are modeled along with the effects of lamination pressure and adhesion energy. The results show that, increased pressure is associated with decreased void length or increased contact length. The contacts associated with the interfaces between the active layer and the hole/electron injection layer poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene: poly styrenesulphonate (PEDOT.PSS) and Molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) are also compared. The implications of the results are discussed for the design of stamping/lamination processes for the fabrication of organic photovoltaic cells.
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Authors: Nurul Bariah Idris, Mohd Natashah Norizan, Ili Salwani Mohamad
Abstract: This paper review based on the organic solar cell (OSC). In this review we investigates on the performance perspectives and theoretical of the solar cell using both simulation and spin coating fabrication technique. This paper reviews on progress several organic materials which use as active layer and issues on device efficiencies. This paper also review on development in device structure to get desired higher output in OSC.
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Authors: Mohamad Syafiq Alias, Sharul Ashikin Kamaruddin, Che Ani Norhidayah, Nurulnadia Sarip, Nayan Nafarizal, Sahdan Mohd Zainizan
Abstract: In this paper, we explore the characteristics of bulk heterojunction solar cell based on poly (3-hexyl thiophene) [P3HT] and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester [PCBM] by introducing a buffer layer with device configuration of ITO/ZnO/P3HT:PCBM/Au. Nanostructured ZnO with individual diameter around 20-50 nm was used as the buffer layer and its effects on the short circuit current density, Jsc and open circuit voltage, Voc were investigated. It was found that, the electrical characteristic of the organic solar cell was obviously changed by introducing the buffer layer. Solar cell characteristic with Voc of 0.3939 V was obtained but the Jsc was very small. The surface topology of the P3HT:PCBM was investigated using an atomic force microscopy (AFM). ZnO nanoparticles were observed using a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and the electrical properties of the solar cell was measured using a solar simulator with a current – voltage (I-V) measurement system.
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