Composite Materials Damage Characterization under Quasi-Static 3-Point Bending Test Using Fuzzy C-Means Clustering
In this study, acoustic emission (AE) monitoring with a Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering is developed to detect the delamination process during quasi-static 3-point bending test on glass/epoxy composite materials. The main fracture mode that should be emphasized and has an effect on the residual strength of composite materials is delamination. The 3-point bending test simulates thrust force due to drilling process without backup plate. In this work, two types of specimen at different layups, woven [0,90] s and unidirectional  s, leading to different levels of damage evolution, were studied. Using acoustic emission monitoring can help to detect these fracture mechanisms. The obtained AE signals were classified using FCM. Dependency percentage of damages in each class is different in two specimens. Three parameters (Peak Amplitude, Count, and Average Frequency) were used to validate the FCM based classification. The results show that there is a good agreement with the FCM classification and microscopic observation by SEM.
F. Mohamad et al., "Composite Materials Damage Characterization under Quasi-Static 3-Point Bending Test Using Fuzzy C-Means Clustering", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 1221-1228, 2012