Physical Property and Thermal Physical Property of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material Slurry
Microencapsulated phase change material (PCM) slurry is a kind of novel heat transfer fluid called latent functionally thermal fluid. Unlike conventional (sensible) materials, when the PCM reach the temperature at which they begin phase change (its melting point), they absorb large amounts of heat with little or no temperature change. Due to this, the heat transfer ability and energy transport ability can be obviously improved. Therefore, they have many potentially important applications in some fields such as energy storage, thermal conditioning of buildings, waste heat recovery, off peak power utilization, heat pump systems, space applications. In present study, the core materials are encapsulated with membrane of synthetic material. And the core materials are composed of several kinds of n-paraffin waxes (mainly nonadecane) and the membrane is a type of melamine resin. The range of diameter of the PCM particles is distributed from 0 μm to 4.5 μm, and its average diameter is 0.74 μm. The thickness of melamine resin is about 11nm. The melting point of the PCM is about 304K. Physical properties, such as density, diameter and its distribution of microencapsulated PCM slurry are investigated. Meanwhile, the thermal physical property, apparent specific heat, is determined by a Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). Also, the influence of mass concentration has been discussed.
Y. L. Zhang "Physical Property and Thermal Physical Property of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material Slurry", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 571-576, 2012