In this paper, there are two kinds of impact vibration models: rigid impact model and elastic model. The dynamic responses of the two kinds of gear impact models are compared by experimental and numerical analysis. Firstly, establish the motion equations of the two models. Secondly, verify the correctness of the mechanical models through experimental analysis. Comparing the results of the numerical and experimental analysis, we can find that the intensity noise of gear vibration is reduced by the elastic boundary. Finally, the dynamic bifurcation characteristic of dimensionless excitations magnitude and backlash will be analyzed as well.