Preparation and Properties of High Performance Polyimide Foam
High performance polyimide (PI) foam has been prepared by esterification method using benzophenone tetracarboxylic acid dianhydride (BTDA) and diamino diphenylmethane (MDA) as the main materials in the mixture of methanol and tetrahydrofuran (THF). The cellular structure, thermal properties and flame retardance properties of PI foam were characterized by hot stage optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetic analysis (TGA) and limiting oxygen Index (LOI), respectively. The results showed that the cellular structure was more ideal when the particle diameter of polyester ammonium salt (PEAS) precursor powder was 100μm; the glass transition temperature (Tg) of PI foam was more than 300°C, 5% weight loss temperature was above 500°C, LOI was as high as 50% and sound absorption was over 0.5.
Chuansheng Wang, Lianxiang Ma and Weiming Yang
K. L. Qi et al., "Preparation and Properties of High Performance Polyimide Foam", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 221, pp. 66-71, 2011