A simple and novel method to synthesize metallic ion doped titania was investigated. In this work, undoped titania, stannum/titania, vanadium/titania and strontium/titania nanofibers have been fabricated by a sol-gel method with electrospinning techniques. The as-prepared composite nanofibers were incinerated at 500 °C respectively. The nanofibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and UV-vis diffuse reflectance (DR) spectroscopy. The results suggest that crystal structures of stannum/titania, vanadium/titania and strontium/titania composite nanofibers were changed due to different material ion disturbing.