Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of AZ61 Mg Alloy Processed by Equal Channel Angular Pressing
Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was applied to a commercial AZ61 magnesium alloy for up to 8 passes at temperatures as low as 473K. Microstructures and mechanical properties of as-received and ECAP deformed samples were investigated. The microstructure was initially not uniform with a “bimodal” grain size distribution but became increasingly homogeneous with further ECAP passes and the average grain size was considerably reduced from over 26 μm to below 5 μm. The ultimate tensile strength (UTS) decreases clearly after one pass, but increases significantly up to two passes, and then continuously slowly decreases up to six passes, and again increases slightly up to eight passes. In contrast, the uniform elongation increased significantly up to 3 passes, followed by considerable decrease up to 8 passes. These observations may be attributed to combined effects of grain refinement and texture development.
Wenzhe Chen, Pinqiang Dai, Yonglu Chen, Dingning Chen and Zhengyi Jiang
S. F. Zeng et al., "Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of AZ61 Mg Alloy Processed by Equal Channel Angular Pressing", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 468-471, pp. 2124-2127, 2012