The Dispersivity of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (NMWTs) and Pressure-Sensitive Property of NMWTs Reinforced Cement Composite
The individual and/or combinatory impacts of two surfactants (polyoxyethylene nonyl phenyl ether 10 (Tx-100), Arabic gum powder (AG)) on the dispersivity of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (NMWTs) were firstly investigated and evaluated through naked and microstructures observation; hereafter, NMWTs with 1.0% loading were firstly dispersed in aqueous solution with surfactant ultrasonic dispersion process, and cast-mixed into cement matrix to fabricate 2 groups NMWTs reinforced cement composites (NMTRCs), associated with the plain reference. Wheatstone bridge configurations were simultaneously employed to obtain the resistances and the monoaxial stresses, to investigate the pressure-sensitive properties of these nanocomposites. Results with naked observation reveal that either Tx-100 or AG at some concentration has good dispersion effect on NMWTs, the blackness homogeneity and stability of NMWTs suspended solution could retain more than 15 d; yet microstructures results show that NMTRC with AG has more homogeneous dispersion impact and more compatible with cement hydration than that with Tx-100. Results related on the pressure-sensitive properties of NMTRCs demonstrate that, the fractional change in resistivity of NMTRC with AG linearly falls down by increment of applied pressure within elastic range, this good pressure-sensitive traits mainly contribute to the increasing chance of physical contacts, the denser of current chargers between NMWTs, and the shortened trend of the potential barrier widths between NMWTs and matrix by increment of pressure, after efficient dispersion with AG. Yet that of NMTRC with Tx-100 has not good linearity descending trend, but some exaggerate fluctuations, and that of the reference has also no any regular descending trend.
J. L. Luo and Z. D. Duan, "The Dispersivity of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (NMWTs) and Pressure-Sensitive Property of NMWTs Reinforced Cement Composite ", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 60-61, pp. 475-479, 2009