Characterization of Friction Stir Welding on Aluminum
A series of linear and spot stir welding friction tests were carried out on aluminum samples of 1 mm in thickness and area of 100 mm x 27 mm. The tool rotating speed was varied from 2000 to 4000 RPM and the feeding rate from 45 to 67.8 mm/min. The temperature distribution during welding was measured by thermocouples inserted within the aluminum strips. The microstructure of the welded nuggets and the HAZ were analyzed by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Some samples were tested intension to measure the load carrying capacity of the welded bead. Preliminary analyses indicate that the temperature at the heat affected zone increases with the rotating speed.
S. Velumani and René Asomoza
J. Wong et al., "Characterization of Friction Stir Welding on Aluminum", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 68, pp. 167-174, 2009