In Situ Measurement of Phase Transition of Layered Perovskite BaLn2Mn2O7
The BaLn2Mn2O7 (Ln = rare earth) has a Sr3Ti2O7-type structure with double block oxygen octahedra belonging to the Ruddlesden-Popper-Type homologous series AO(ABO3)2. In-situ measurement of the phase transition for BaLn2Mn2O7 was performed using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and a high-temperature transmission electron microscope (TEM). Two types of transitions were observed in BaPr2Mn2O7: the transition from primitive tetragonal (P42/mnm) to body-centered tetragonal (I4/mmm) at around 400 K and the first-order phase transition at around 1040 K. Multiple phase transitions were also observed in BaEu2Mn2O7, with one from P42/mnm to I4/mmm at around 400 K and another, above 550 K, as a first-order phase transition. The high-temperature phase had a 1.5% lattice mismatch along the c-axis compared with the low-temperature phase. We succeeded in recording for the first time in-situ structural change in BaGd2Mn2O7 as a movie by high-temperature TEM. The high-temperature phase nucleated parallel to the (00l) plane as a layer above 550 K and grew until covering the entire inspected region at around 1023 K. The first-order phase transition was caused by the structural and/or electrical distortion of the layered perovskite structure composed of Jahn-Teller ion Mn3+.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Vojislav V. MITIC, Alois LOIDL and Dino FIORANI
H. Nakano et al., "In Situ Measurement of Phase Transition of Layered Perovskite BaLn2Mn2O7", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 67, pp. 113-117, 2010