Electrical Properties of Nb-Doped and Nb-Mn-Codoped BaTiO3-(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 Lead-Free PTCR Ceramics
Nb-doped and Nb-Mn-codoped (1-xmol%)BaTiO3-xmol%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 (BBNTx) lead-free positive temperature coefficient of resistivity (PTCR) ceramics were prepared by the conventional solid state reaction method. The XRD patterns indicated that all BBNTx samples formed a single perovskite structure with tetragonal phase. 0.25 mol% Nb doped BBNT1 ceramic, sintered at 1330°C for 1h in air, had low room-temperature resistivity (ρ25) of 80 Ω•cm and a high resistivity jump (maximum resistivity [ρmax]/minimum resistivity [ρmin]) of 4.2 orders of magnitude with Tc about 152°C. The Nb-doped BBNTx (10≤x≤60) ceramics also showed distinct PTC effect with Tc between 185 and 232°C by sintering in N2, which was shut off when samples were cooled to a low temperature. In addition, The Nb-Mn-codoped BBNT1 ceramics exhibited higher resistivity jump than the single Nb-doped ones, with increasing the room-temperature resistivity.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Vojislav V. MITIC, Alois LOIDL and Dino FIORANI
G. R. Li et al., "Electrical Properties of Nb-Doped and Nb-Mn-Codoped BaTiO3-(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 Lead-Free PTCR Ceramics", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 67, pp. 134-142, 2010