It is well known that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) induces bone formation and requires for carriers. Poly-lactic acid / poly-glycolic acid (PLGA) is frequently used as the carriers of BMP. We developed a biodegradable composite PLGA membrane, which was containing oriented needle-like apatite with BMP. The composite membranes were implanted into the thigh muscle pouch of 3-week-old-mice. At 3 weeks after implantation, the implanted area was observed by optical microscopy. The composite membrane containing oriented needle-like apatite with BMP induced new bone formation. It seems that this composite membrane might be a scaffold of BMP and promoting the healing of bone defects.