Bioactivity of hydroxyapatite reinforced ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (HA/UHMWPE) nanocomposites with HA volume content of 10~50 % was evaluated by simulated body fluid (SBF) immersion. The effect of HA content on the capability for calcium phosphate (Ca- P) induction was studied. It was found that Ca-P deposition covered the whole surface of the composite with 30 vol. % of HA after immersion for 1 day and the layer grew to around 10 0m thick in one-week immersion, while there was few nucleus formed for composites with HA content lower than 30 vol. % after one-week immersion. The Ca-P structure was identified as octacalcium phosphate (OCP) by SEM, TEM, and ToF-SIMS.