Effect of Volume Fraction of Nanoparticles to the Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids
A numerical study on the convective heat transfer characteristics of Cu-water nanofluid under the laminar flow condition was performed. The results show that the convective heat transfer coefficient increases with the increase of the volume fraction of the nanoparticles and the Reynolds number. There is a significant difference between the numerical simulation result and the result calculated from the Shah equation in the entrance region, but a small difference in full development areas. The numerical results agree well with that obtained from the Xuan equation when the Reynolds number and the volume fraction of the nanoparticles are small, but the errors between them increase as the increase of the Reynolds number and the volume fraction of nanoparticles.
Long Chen, Yongkang Zhang, Aixing Feng, Zhenying Xu, Boquan Li and Han Shen
Z. Y. Ling et al., "Effect of Volume Fraction of Nanoparticles to the Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 464, pp. 528-531, 2011