Biocompatibility of Carbonated Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles with Different Crystallinities
Carbonated apatite (CHA) is commonly considered a promising synthetic material for biomedical applications in orthopedic and dental surgery due to its biocompatibility, bioresorption and bioactivity. CHA5, CHA37 and CHA90 powders were synthesized from wet method and the DRX patterns showed that the crystallinity and particle size of CHA samples increased proportionally with the synthesis temperature. Powder extracts medium were obtained from each sample to interact with MC3T3-E1 osteoblastics cells. It was evaluated morphology, citotoxicity, pH and Ca2+ concentration. Citotoxicity assays showed high metabolic activity on all samples when compared to control. The polygonal shaped and the confluent monolayer observed in control cells progressively changed according to the crystallinity increase of samples. Cells under mitosis and spindle-like shaped where the main alterations observed. In addition the cell viability could be sensitive to the acid reactivity and crystallinity of carbonated apatite samples.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
E. Mavropoulos et al., "Biocompatibility of Carbonated Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles with Different Crystallinities", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 331-336, 2012