Stability of the Magnesium Carbonate Apatite/Anionic Collagen Scaffolds: Effect of the Cross-Link Concentration
Natural bone constitutes of an inorganic phase (a biological nanoapatite) and an organic phase (mostly type I collagen). The challenge is to develop a material that can regenerate lost bone tissue with degradation and resorption kinetics compatible with the new bone formation. The aim of this study was to prepare self-organized magnesium and carbonate substituted apatite/collagen scaffolds, cross-linked with glutaraldehyde (GA). Bovine tendon was submitted to alkaline treatment resulting in a negatively charged collagen surface. The scaffolds were prepared by precipitation: simultaneous dropwise addition of solution containing calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) ions and collagen into a buffered solution containing carbonate and phosphate ions in reaction vessel maintained at 37 °C, pH=8. The reaction products were cross-linked with 0.125 and 0.25% (v/v) glutaraldehyde (GA) solution and freeze-dried. The samples were characterized by Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). In vitro cytotoxicity (based on three parameters assays) and scaffolds degradation in culture medium and osteoblastic cells culture were performed in the cross-linked materials. No cytotoxic effects were observed. The cross-linked samples with the lower GA concentration showed a lower stability when placed in contact with culture medium. Human osteoblasts attached on the scaffolds surface cross-linked with 0.25% GA, forming a continuous layer after 14 days of incubation. These results showed potential application of the designed scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.
Eyup Sabri Kayali, Gultekin Goller and Ipek Akin
M. S. Sader et al., "Stability of the Magnesium Carbonate Apatite/Anionic Collagen Scaffolds: Effect of the Cross-Link Concentration", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 493-494, pp. 844-848, 2012