Abstract: Generally, Saman tree is a plant in the Fabaceae. (Leguminosae) subfamily Minosoideae in a large tree. There are many branches with small leaves, pink flowers with a seed pod of pink flesh..Therefore, branch and leaves of Saman tree were left and considered as unwanted materials. They were destroyed via the waste combustion process. Then, the Saman tree ash was become residues. In order to protect the environment and to increase the valuable of the bottom ash from Saman tree, the Saman tree ash glaze in Ratchaburi potteries was performed using triaxial diagram. The clay in this stoneware was chosen from Ratchaburi Province. After that, the glazing formula was then created. The gas kiln was selected. The temperature of reduction fire for glazing was 1,250 degree Celsius. The fifteen testing formula were tested by the variation of Saman tree ash, soda feldspar, and kaolin. The suitable ratio among of glaze formula Saman tree ash : soda feldspar : kaolin was Saman tree ash 5:3:2, respectively. The Stoneware prototypes were shaped as tea set by the throwing method. The results showed that the glaze of all products was glossy with light-green colour. This developed glazing process was well performed in the Ratchaburi pottery industries. In addition, the mixing between Saman tree ash and metal oxides are under investigation to create a variety of color shades.
Abstract: The cerium dioxide films were prepared with cerium foils as raw materials by anodization in Na2C2O4-NH3∙H2O-H2O-(CH2OH)2 electrolyte. The anodic cerium oxide film was heat treated at 550°C. The cerium dioxide films were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive analyses of X-ray (EDAX), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques and scanning electron microcopy (SEM), respectively. The anodic cerium oxide film is semi crystalline film. The heat treated anodic cerium oxide film at 550°C is the fluorite-structured cerium dioxide film, and the crystal structure of the cerium dioxide film becomes more complete than that of the anodic cerium oxide film. The cerium dioxide film is porous film. The water, ethylene glycol and CO2 are adsorbed in the anodic cerium oxide film. The adsorbing water, ethylene glycol and CO2 in the anodic cerium oxide film are removed at 550°C. The cerium dioxide film has strong absorption in the range of 1400~4000cm-1.
Abstract: The cerium dioxide films were prepared with cerium foils as raw materials by anodization in Na2C2O4-NH3∙H2O-H2O-(CH2OH)2 electrolyte. The anodic cerium oxide films were heat treated in 100~400°C and 0.5~2.5h, respectively. The heat treated anodic cerium oxide films were characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD). The heat treated anodic cerium oxide film at 100°C is semi crystalline film. The heat treated anodic cerium oxide film at 200°C, 300°C, 350°C, 400°C, respectively for 2h, is the cerium dioxide film respectively, and has a structure of cubic fluorite respectively. The crystal structures of the cerium dioxide films become more complete with the increase of heat treatment temperature in 200 ~ 400 °C. The heat treated anodic cerium oxide film at 400°C for 0.5h, 1h, 1.5h, 2.5h, respectively, is the cerium dioxide film respectively, and has a structure of cubic fluorite respectively. The crystal structures of the cerium dioxide films become more complete with the increase of heat treatment times in 0.5h ~ 2.5h.
Abstract: In order to make the natural quartz up to the standard of high purity quartz sands, quartz ores are processed to obtain high purity quartz sands by the purifying technologies which include grinding, high-intensity magnetic concentration, flotation and acid leaching, washed by deionized water. The phase, morphology and composition of the prepared quzrtz sands were determined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and inductively coupled plasma spectrometers.The results show that impurity minerals adsorb onto the quartz mineral surfaces. Magnetic minerals were removed by magnetic concentration experiment, while other impurities were removed by flotation and acid leaching experiments and they show excellent cleaning effect. Finally a high purity quartz product which contains higher than 99.95% SiO2, less than 0.003% Fe2O3, and less than 0.01% Al2O3 was obtained.
Abstract: Firstly, we made the glucose as raw material to prepare carbon microspheres hydrothermal method. Then carbon microspheres use as a template, and Bi (NO3)3.5H2O and Na2WO4.2H2O as raw material to synthesize the Bi2WO6/carbon composite by refluxing method. Finally, Bi2WO6 samples were obtained by calcination so as to remove the template. And samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and diffuse reflection absorption spectroscopy (DRS). The Rhodamine B (RhB) was simulated as the sewage under the visible light to study the impact of the illumination time, calcination temperature and the amount of catalyst. The results show that Bi2WO6 synthesized by calcination at 500 °C had the best photocatalytic performance, and when samples (30 mg) was put into RhB solution (10 mg/L) and illumination for 180 min, the degradation rate could reach 92%, which demonstrated that the samples exhibit excellent visible photocatalytic performance.
Abstract: This work was try to study the number and types of hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) formed in hindered phenol AO-70/nitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) composites and their contributions to the damping properties by molecular dynamic (MD) simulation and experimental methods. MD simulation results showed that there were four types of H-bonds, namely, type A (AO-70) –OH...NC– (NBR) H-bonds in AO-70/NBR composites, type B (AO-70) –OH...O=C– (AO-70) H-bonds, type C (AO-70) –OH...OH–(AO-70) and D (AO-70) –OH...O–C– (AO-70) H-bonds, what's more, type A and type B H-Bonds formed more easily than others. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the existence of H-bonds. Meanwhile, the AO-70/NBR composites with AO-70 content of 109 phr had the largest number of H-bonds, smallest fractional free volume (FFV) and resulting in the optimistic damping performance of the composites.
Abstract: The thermal stabilities of two amine based multifunctional epoxy resins (TGDDE/MNA & TGBAPP/MNA) and two dimer carboxylic acid (DFA) toughened resins (DFA-TGDDE/MNA & DFA-TGBAPP/MNA) were comparatively investigated with the thermo-gravimetric analysis (TG). The TG parameters of the resins indicated that the thermal stability of the resins was increased after the modification. Furthermore, the thermal degradation kinetics was studied with a dynamic method according to Ozawa model, which explained this phenomenon.
Abstract: Interaction between poly (m-phenylene isophtalamide) (PMIA) electrospun nanofibers and commercial epoxy resin precursor during the cross-linking process was investigated, in order to use such polyaramidic nanofibers for composite materials reinforcement. Hence nanofibrous PMIA mats were produced via electrospinning technique to be used for the functional modification of the epoxy matrix composite properties. When adding such fibers to an epoxy resin precursor, it was observed a strong influence on the kinetics of its curing process. The final results, however, demonstrates that boosting the reaction condition (raising the temperature and the reaction time) the curing is pushed to completion, indicating that the cross-linking process of the resin is just delayed and not completely hampered. It will be therefore necessary to rethink the composite cure cycle when PMIA nanofibers are added to the composite material, in order to attain significant improvement of the final composite performance.
Abstract: This article reports an investigation of path planning with multi reference paths for robotic fiber placement (RFP) on open-contoured mesh surface. The new method considers the ply orientation information determined by loading characteristics, divides one surface into different parts according to the ply orientation information and then designs different initial reference paths in different parts. This article also proposes new up-layer design in order to make up for defects between parts and improve strength.