Key Engineering Materials
Liquid crystals are substances that have properties which are intermediate between those of a conventional liquid and those of a solid crystal. This special collection comprises peer-reviewed papers that are concerned with all aspects of liquid crystal science and technology. The volume consists of five parts: plenary lectures, the molecular design and synthesis of liquid crystals, the characterization of liquid crystals, the applications of liquid crystals, and the emerging technologies and materials relevant to information display.
Composite materials are increasingly finding use in diverse applications requiring a wide range of property and performance requirements. Low density, high specific strength and stiffness are the main features that make composite materials most suitable for structural applications. The field covers the concurrent manipulation of the material’s composition and of the internal architecture of the composite in order to obtain the desired properties. The ability to tailor composite materials precisely is of great importance in structural applications. A systematic approach to the optimum tailoring of composite materials is a challenging design problem. The focus should be on the practical design aspects, and that is what is addressed in this special-topic volume.
This special collection comprises 36 peer-reviewed papers giving an insight into the latest advances in extrusion technology and its simulation. The papers cover a wide range of topics and are grouped into the categories of: benchmark, microstructure, seam welds and composite extrusion, material flow and constitutive equations, dies and tools and process control and optimization. However, many other topics, such as new materials (magnesium and its composites) and new composite profiles, are covered.
This volume comprises a prestigious collection of refereed papers on Advanced Design and Manufacture. In the face of the current global financial crisis, it is extremely important to identify new technological needs and priorities in the fields of design and manufacture. The major topics tackled are: Engineering/product/industrial design, - Manufacture and production, - Engineering materials, - CAD/CAM/CAE, - Robotics, automation and control, - Sustainable technology, environment-friendly design and manufacture, - Web/Internet technologies, artificial intelligence and smart computing in design and manufacture, - Enterprise, management and supply chains.
This volume consists of a selection of papers, made from among more than 300 submitted by universities and industrial laboratories. All of the papers were subjected to peer-review by at least two expert referees. Selection for this volume depended upon the quality of the paper and its relevance to the thematic topic.
The aim of this special volume is, as the title indicates, to point out the great power of electrochemistry and other physico-chemical methods (SEM, AFM, chemiluminescence, MOCVD, FT-IR, UV-VIS-NIR, X-Ray etc.) in obtaining and characterizing advanced materials.