Key Engineering Materials
The grinding and abrasive processing of materials are machining techniques which use bonded or loose abrasives to remove material from workpieces. Due to the well-known advantages of grinding and abrasive processes, advances in abrasive and grinding technology are always of great import in enhancing both productivity and component quality. In order to highlight the recent progress made in this field, the editor invited 21 world-wide contributions with the aim of gathering together all of the achievements of leading researchers into a single publication.
Concrete is, both practically and metaphorically, one of the major civil-engineering materials supporting modern society. But both concrete technology, and its structures, face daunting challenges arising from environmental erosion and other natural, and man-made, hazards.
This collection is the result of bringing together scientists from various countries in order to combine their knowledge concerning the latest analytical, experimental and numerical developments in the fields of Strength of Materials, Fracture Mechanics and Fatigue.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
The Bioceramics 21 Proceedings includes a section which is devoted to theoretical modelling; an important and new issue which involves several fields of knowledge. This trend is reflected by the high number of papers involving both biological and materials sciences. Following the evolution of regenerative medicine, a third generation of bioceramics is represented in these Proceedings by the variety of papers on tissue engineering, nanotechnology and smart materials.
Advanced high-temperature materials are key players in the emerging new technologies which are pushing forward the structural-aerospace, propulsion-system, defense, nuclear, thermal and chemical industries. Accelerating efforts have been directed towards increasing the operating-temperature limits of existing material systems and developing new material compositions such as advanced ceramics, UHTCs, intermetallics and CMCs. Understanding and controlling the behavior of the microstructures and properties of such materials have become key elements in these research activities. Since processing may itself engender various unique microstructural configurations and properties, the routes taken when obtaining optimum structures are also of primordial importance.
The present volume comprises a collection of peer-reviewed papers covering innovations and practical experience regarding manufacturing automation education; current and developing manufacturing automation; advanced manufacturing technology including flexible manufacturing, virtual manufacturing, Green manufacturing and re-manufacturing, and web-based manufacturing; computer-integrated manufacturing systems; CAD/CAE/CAPP/CAM; product life-cycle management (PLM); computerized numerical control systems and flexible manufacturing systems; industrial robotics; process monitoring and quality control of manufacturing systems; group technology (GT); PDM, ERP, logistics and supply chains.
This book presents contributions covering the more recent applications of Sol-Gel science. Ceramics and films produced from gels were among the first applications developed by early sol-gel researchers. The possibility of tailoring the structure, and controlling particle growth, has permitted ever more advanced materials to be obtained. Several other potential applications were foreseen fifteen to twenty year ago, but their realization became possible only after extensive research on precursors had enabled progress towards the preparation of new pre-forms.
Abrasive technology concerns manufacturing processes that involve the use of abrasives in various forms. It has a long history; originating right from the first discovery of minerals. With increasingly stringent requirements for the production of high-precision and high surface-quality components, in applications such as silicon wafers for the semiconductor industry and optical lenses for the precision instrument industry, abrasive technology is becoming an increasingly important factor in precision manufacturing. An understanding of the mechanisms of abrasive technology ensures the soundness and integrity of current component manufacture, as well as leading to the development of new and effective techniques.
Japan is currently the most active country among those carrying out research into the rapidly expanding sphere of Electroceramics; a field that holds tremendous promise for expanding or opening-up a wide range of high-tech applications.