Internal Stress Field in Ultrafine Grained Aluminium Fabricated by Accumulative Roll-Bonding
Internal stress field in a severely deformed aluminium with ultrafine grained microstructure has been studied by convergent-beam electron diffraction (CBED) technique in transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A commercial purity aluminium (99.1%Al) sheet was highly strained by the accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) process to evolve an ultrafine grained structure. Higher-order Laue zone (HOLZ) lines in the incidence disk of the ] 12 1 [ zone axis have been observed at various positions within an identical ultrafine grain. The key finding is that the HOLZ line pattern taken from the vicinity (~50nm) of the grain boundary (lamellar boundary) looses ) 1 1 0 ( mirror symmetry, whereas the pattern from the grain centre has the symmetry. The former and the latter represent the existence of a large non-hydrostatic stress field and a small internal stress field, respectively. The magnitude of the internal stress becomes larger with approaching to a grain boundary.
Yukichi Umakoshi and Shinji Fujimoto
R. Ueji et al., "Internal Stress Field in Ultrafine Grained Aluminium Fabricated by Accumulative Roll-Bonding", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 512, pp. 123-128, 2006