Space Resolved Optical Emission Spectroscopy During Deposition of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Thin Films by Double Hollow Cathode Plasma Jet System
Pulse modulated double hollow cathode RF plasma jet system with two separate independent nozzles made of BaTiO3 (BTO) and SrTiO3 (STO) was used for deposition of BSTO thin films on Si and on multi-layer Si/SiO2/TiO2/Pt substrates. Dielectric properties of BSTO layers strongly depend on ratio composition expressed by parameter x = Ba/(Ba+Sr) and on accuracy in presence of other elements. Space resolved optical emission spectroscopy (OES) was used mainly for monitoring of concentration of particles sputtered from the hollow cathode and for feedback correction of power supplied in both nozzles because applied power was responsible for sputtering speed of Ba and Sr particles. Main attention was focused on relation between ratio of spectral intensity of Ba, Ba+, Sr and Sr+ lines close to substrate and ratio of Ba and Sr concentration in the deposited film. 2D map of emission lines intensity distribution for Ba, Ba+, Sr, Sr+, Ti, Ar, and Ar+ for double hollow cathode plasma jet system with BTO and STO nozzles was created. OES was also used for observing of excess of Ti particles in final layer with negative effect on layer properties and for measurement of rotational temperature of OH radicals. Preliminary results of all these optical measurements are published in this paper. Deposited thin films were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, which confirmed presence of BSTO and STO perovskite phase in the films, by atomic force microscopy (AFM), by electron microprobe and by micro-Raman scattering measurement.
J. Olejníček et al., "Space Resolved Optical Emission Spectroscopy During Deposition of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Thin Films by Double Hollow Cathode Plasma Jet System", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 609, pp. 105-109, 2009