Grain Boundary Character of 9Cr Feritic/Martensitic Heat Resistant Steels Strengthened by Nano-Sized MX Precipitates
In this work, two heats of 9Cr ferritic/martensitic heat resistant steels with different carbon and nitrogen contents were prepared. The steels were designed to have much lower carbon content than conventional 9-12Cr heat resistant steels for obtaining dense nano-sized MX precipitates. Microstructure of the two steels in different heat treatment states was analyzed by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) method. The results show that grain boundary character is greatly affected by carbon and nitrogen contents. Martensite in the steel with 0.02wt.% carbon and ultra low nitrogen is easier to recrystallize than that in the steel with ultra low carbon and 0.03wt.% nitrogen during tempering treatment. The effect of grain boundary character on stress rupture properties is also discussed.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
F. S. Yin "Grain Boundary Character of 9Cr Feritic/Martensitic Heat Resistant Steels Strengthened by Nano-Sized MX Precipitates", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 2882-2887, 2010