Effect of Thermomechanical Processing Parameters on the Final Microstructure of Pipeline Steels
The phase transformation and the final microstructure were studied in a pipeline steel grade API-X80 by carrying out a number of physical simulations of the industrial hot rolling schedules. The deformation and the cooling parameters were simulated by means of hot torsion and dilatometry experiments. Torsion deformations in the same range as in the hot rolling schedule were applied in a multi-deformation cycle at various temperatures in the austenite region. Subsequently the following parameters were varied with respect to a reference status: the reheating temperature from 900 to 1200°C, the deformation step from 0.6 to 0.15 von Misses strain, the strain rate from 1 to 10 s-1, the inter-pass time from 0.4 to 2 s, the deformation temperature from 1,100 to 850°C, the cooling rate from 0.1 to 100°C/s and the cooling stop temperature from 650 to 25°C. The transformation product microstructures were observed with optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction. The experimental data were used to study the microstructure evolution of none-deformed austenite and highly deformed austenite (Von Misses strain of 3.2), and the corresponding CCT diagrams were constructed. The detailed microstructure characteristics obtained from the present work as well as the data from the CCT diagrams for undeformed and deformed austenite could be used to optimize the mechanical properties, strength and toughness of pipeline steel grades by thermo-mechanical control process.
T. Chandra, N. Wanderka, W. Reimers , M. Ionescu
N. S. Mouriño et al., "Effect of Thermomechanical Processing Parameters on the Final Microstructure of Pipeline Steels", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 638-642, pp. 3068-3073, 2010