The cold joining of dissimilar metal sheets using a shot peening process was investigated. In shot peening the substrate undergoes large plastic deformation near the surface due to the hit with shots. Consequently, plastic flow areas formed by cold working may form the surface layer. The dissimilar sheets with the concavo-convex edge are connected, and then the contact area is shot-peened. In this joining, the convex edges of the sheet are laid on the other sheet. Namely, in the joining area, the two sheets are superimposed. In the experiment, the shot peening treatment was performed by using an air-type peening machine. The shots used were made of high carbon cast steel. Air pressure was 0.6MPa and peening time was in the range of 30-150s. The peening conditions were controlled in the experiment. The sheets were commercial low-carbon steel, stainless steel, pure aluminum, pure titanium, pure copper, and magnesium alloy. The effects of processing conditions on the joinability were mainly examined. The joint strength increased with the kinetic energy of shots. It was found that the present method was effective for cold joining of dissimilar metal sheets.