Influence of Stacking Fault Energy on the Microstructures and Grain Refinement in the Cu-Al Alloys during Equal-Channel Angular Pressing
The microstructural evolution and grain refinement of Cu-Al alloys with different stacking fault energies (SFEs) processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) were investigated. The grain refinement mechanism was gradually transformed from dislocation subdivision to twin fragmentation with tailoring the SFE of Cu-Al alloys. Concurrent with the transition of grain refinement mechanism, the grain size can be refined into from ultrafine region (1 m~100 nm) to the nanoscale (<100 nm) and then it is found that the minimum equilibrium grain size decreases in a roughly linear way with lowering the SFE. Moreover, in combination with the previous results, it is proposed that the formation of a uniform ultrafine microstructure can be formed more readily in the materials with high SFE due to their high recovery rate of dislocations and in the materials with low SFE due to the easy formation of a homogeneously-twinned microstructure.
Jing Tao Wang, Roberto B. Figueiredo and Terence G. Langdon
X.H. An et al., "Influence of Stacking Fault Energy on the Microstructures and Grain Refinement in the Cu-Al Alloys during Equal-Channel Angular Pressing", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 667-669, pp. 379-384, 2011