Simulation and Evaluation of Residual Stress in Bone at the Interface with Implant
The use of the implants has become current since 1930. With the improvement of technology, titanium alloy coated with nano-hydroxyapatite has been used in the medical field. As a long-term establishment is a meter of the therapeutic success, it is necessary to use biocompatible implants in order to have good mechanical and fracture resistance at the interface bone-implant. In orthopaedic surgery Titanium (Ti-Al-4V) implants are currently coated with hydroxyapatite (HAp), Ca10 (PO4)6 (OH)2, in order to obtain a stable and functional direct connection between the bone and the implant. At the implant-bone interface the new bone reconstituted after implantation must have the same mechanicals properties as the natural bone in order to accept the implant. Therefore we studied the residuals stresses of the new bone crystals reconstituted at the interface applying non destructive x-ray diffraction and using finite element analysis in order to compare the results.
Paolo Scardi and Cristy L. Azanza Ricardo
A. Benmarouane et al., "Simulation and Evaluation of Residual Stress in Bone at the Interface with Implant", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 681, pp. 315-320, 2011