The n-SiO2/FeS solid lubrication composite coating is prepared by means of the comprehensive treatment process of gridded laser quenching, low temperature ion sulfuration and vacuum impregnation technology. The tribological properties of n-SiO2/FeS solid lubrication composite coating are investigated under the condition of dry sliding, and the lubrication mechanisms are also preliminary discussed. The experiment results reveal that the friction coefficient of the coating is in the range of 0.065~0.10 when tested in 4067 minutes. Furthermore, its wear rate is only 6% of FeS solid lubrication duplex coating. This is testified that the n-SiO2/FeS solid lubrication composite coating is durable with low friction coefficient and wear resistance.