Numerical Simulation of Electromagnetic Phenomena and Solidification under a Pulsed Magnetic Field
The transient electromagnetic phenomena and solidification of Al-Cu alloy under a typical pulsed magnetic field (PMF) are numerically studied by a two-dimensional (2D) axisymmetric model. The results show that the magnetic flux density, eddy current density, Lorentz force and Joule heat all inherit the instantaneous and intermittent feature of the PMF, and their amplitudes and phases decrease with the increasing distance to the side surface of the ingot. The Lorentz force appears alternatively as pressure force and pull force mainly in the radial direction. Forced convection is induced in the liquid metal, and the flow field is composed of a clockwise vortex and a counter-clockwise vortex in the meridian plane of the ingot. The melt velocity is accompanied with a dramatic periodic oscillation. The temperature field in the ingot with the PMF tends uniform due to the mixing effect of the melt flow. However, the convection is damped soon after the solidification starts due to the increasing penetration resistance, and the temperature field gradually approximates that in the case without the PMF.
Prof. Yafang Han
Q. P. Chen et al., "Numerical Simulation of Electromagnetic Phenomena and Solidification under a Pulsed Magnetic Field", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 944, pp. 52-58, 2019