Materials Science Forum
The exciting and comprehensive program of the MECA SENS VI conference provided a platform for current topics within the research fields of Mechanical Stress Evaluation with Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation. The resulting contributions in this volume offer an excellent overview of all the various aspects in this field ranging from fundamental research and modelling to practical engineering applications.
The development of photovoltaic technology is expected to solve problems related to energy shortages and environmental pollution caused by the use of fossil fuels. Dye-sensitizedsolar cells (DSSCs) are promising next-generation alternatives to conventional silicon-based photovoltaic devices owing to their low manufacturing cost and potentially high conversion efficiency. This special topic volume addresses recent advances in the research on dye-sensitized solar cells. The focus of this special topic volume is on materials development (sensitizers, nanostructured oxide films, and electrolyte), but commercialization. This work illustrates a new pathway to achieve highly efficient DSSCs for practical applications.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Explosion, shock wave, high-energy reaction and other high-rate phenomena of various materials are the main topic of this collection. The book includes papers related to explosion and shock wave phenomena driven by explosives and other impulsive phenomena including their applications. The use of such intense dynamic loading has been employed for materials processing technology and the field is currently spreading to food processing and others. The volume will bring to readers new idea for the progress in science and technology.
Even though composites are manufactured to near net shaped, machining has to be performed during the final production stage to get the finished products. Soft computing is a collection of methodologies that aim to exploit tolerance for imprecision, uncertainty and partial truth to achieve tractability, robustness and low solution cost. This special volume intends to draw a picture of the recent advances made in the soft computing assisted machinability studies for composite materials and includes the submission of high quality research articles. Suitable topics include the application to the machining (turning, drilling, milling) of the composites like metal matrix composites, fiber reinforced composites, glass epoxy polymer composites, polyamides and PEEK using various soft computing techniques such as artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic, particle swarm optimization and simulated annealing.
The special collection focuses on recent advances in the science and technologies associated with aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys. Topics span the full light metals field from the development of new alloys, through processing and material behaviour, to final application, and increasingly the issues of sustainability and end-of-life.
The papers are arranged in the following chapters:
1. Alloy Development;
2. Casting & Solidification;
4. Heat Treatment & Phase Transformations;
5. Mechanical Behaviour,
6. Corrosion & Surface Modification;
7. Joining; and
This volume provides a snapshot of the current status and trends in light metals research, and will be an invaluable resource for readers in academia and industry alike.
The Special Topic Volume is a result from the contribution of forty-one experts from the international scientific community in the respective field of research. It thoroughly covers recent work done in the area of photocatalysis. In recent year a boosting interest in the exploration of renewable energy sources and environmental abatement attracted the promises of photocatalysis particularly in hydrogen production by water splitting, storage of solar energy in sustainable chemical fuels, decomposition and removal of environmental pollutants and disinfection of water. Current environmental concern promises a bright future for this technology, particularly applications to improving the quality of water and of indoor and outdoor air. This volume provides the latest and in-depth coverage to photocatalytic materials and surfaces including their various applications for environmental and energy applications.
The literature detailing the effects of varying operating parameters on tool life when machining Titanium alloy is comprehensive, however, relatively little of this data refers to their effects on machined workpiece surface integrity particularly, residual stress generation and distortion created. Greater knowledge of the effects of operating parameters on surface integrity is critical to the acceptance of new environment, cutting path and cutting sequence strategies on machining of Ti6Al4V aerospace alloys to increase the functional requirements and fatigue life of the milled thin components. In this book four chapters have been included to address the above reported issues.
There are continuous demands for high performance materials with enhanced properties. In the development of these materials and their processing methods, physical and numerical simulations have important roles to play. By using best current knowledge and modern facilities, these simulation techniques can enable the rapid and economic evaluation and prediction of high temperature processes and applications. The papers deal extensively with physical and numerical simulation, the modeling of processes, as well as recent advances in the processing of various materials, e.g., steels, light metals, composites, etc.