Mechanical and Electrical Technology IV

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Authors: M.A. Humayun, M.A. Rashid, F.A. Malek, A.N. Hussain, I. Daut
Abstract: Reduction in threshold current density is the major challenge in the field of semiconductor laser design. The threshold current density can be minimized by introducing low dimensional material system with narrow band gap. InN has a narrow band gap of 0.7 eV and quantum dot provides three dimensional confinement factor. In this paper, we propose then InN quantum dot as the active layer material that will serve both the purpose of narrow band gap and three dimensional confinement. The simulation results show that the current density reduces drastically with the cavity length.
Authors: Chong Woon Kien, Neoh Siew Chin
Abstract: This article discusses and analyzes particle swarm optimization (PSO) approach in the design and performance optimization of a 4th-order Sallen Key high pass filter. Three types of particle swarm features are studied: basic PSO, PSO with regrouped particles (PSO-RP) and PSO with diversity embedded regrouped particles (PSO-DRP). PSO-RP and PSO-DRP are proposed to solve the stagnation problem of basic PSO. Based on the developed PSO approaches, LTspice is employed as the circuit simulator for the performance investigation of the designed filter. In this paper, 12 design parameters of the Sallen Key high pass filter are optimized to satisfy the required constraints and specifications on gain, cut-off frequency, and pass band ripples. Overall results show that PSO with diversity embedded regrouped particles improve the conventional search of basic PSO and has managed to achieve the design objectives.
Authors: T. Ravi, V. Kannan
Abstract: This paper enumerates the efficient design and analysis of low power CNTFET True single phase clock logic D Flip flop based shift registers. The TSPC D flip flop and shift registers are designed using Stanford University CNTFET model and proposed 10nm CNTFET model with sleepy keeper low power technique. The CNTFET is emerging as a viable replacement to the MOSFET. The transient and power analyses are obtained with operating voltage of 1V and the operating frequency at 1GHz. The simulation results are obtained and the analysis are compared with circuits designed using 32nm MOSFET. The comparison results are indicated that the proposed 10nm CNTFET based design and the low power technique are more efficient in power saving as compared to MOSFET design.
Authors: Y. Varthamanan, V. Kannan
Abstract: This paper enumerates the efficient design and analysis of N-type CNTFET based 2X1 Multiplexer. The Multiplexer is designed using Ballistic CNTFET (VHDL-AMS model) with the dcnt of 1nm in resistive load inverter logic. The transient and power analysis are obtained with operating voltage at 0.6V for the multiplexer using system vision tool. There are many issues facing while integrating many number of transistors like short channel effect, power dissipation, scaling of the transistors. To overcome these problems by Consider the carbon nano tube(CNT) have promising application in the field of electronics. The simulation results are presented, and the power consumptions are compared with the conventional MOSFET design. The comparison of results indicated that the CNTFET based design is capable of efficient power savings.
Authors: Lu Jun Zhang, Ming Yan Jiang
Abstract: Convection-enhanced intratumoral drug delivery has received increased attention for solid cancer therapy. With CED delivery, the advantages of the use of lipid nanoparticles carrier have been shown in many experimental cancer therapy studies. Thus, the measurement of efficiency of intratumoral nanoparticles CED becomes more and more important. Herein, an improved mathematical modeling method using modified Navier-Stokes equations to simulate nanoparticle CED delivery has been formulated. We separately modeled the delivery procedure of fluid medium (generally water) and nanoparticles. Based on mass conservation equation and Navier-Stokes equations, we constructed the model of the water medium flowing in porous tumor tissue, and then used the convection equations to describe the nanoparticle delivery procedure. Using our intratumoral nanoparticle CED model, we analyzed the effects of the links between the nanoparticle drug delivery distribution and some dominating factors. This work is helpful for predicting the drug distribution in tumor and opens up new opportunities for using computer science to help clinical tumor treatment plan.
Authors: Jian Feng Chen, Xi Yuan Chen, Xue Fen Zhu
Abstract: Recent dramatic progress in strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) algorithm is the design of SINS principle based on screw algorithm, utilizing dual quaternion. In this paper, the screw algorithm consisting of angular rate and specific force is optimized under a special screw motion. The special screw motion is derived from classical screw motion and can be taken as a complicated sculling motion including classical coning motion. Subsequently, the coefficients in the multi-sample screw algorithms and the corresponding algorithm drifts are determined by minimizing the error on direct component. The simulation results of attitude and velocity errors agree with the optimization goals, except when the number of subinterval is greater than 2. An explanation of this phenomenon is delivered.
Authors: Zhi Tang, Meng Ya Cai, Sheng Ze Wang, Bo Sun, Yue Ming Hao
Abstract: The external morphological characteristics of the handle grip impacts the man-machine interaction especially that of with fingers. Hence, the research on the external morphological of existed products has important significance on the improvement of man-machine interaction when designing a product. Most of the traditional ways of obtaining or describing product form information are established on a variety of views which do not consist the quality of data analysing dynamically or quantitatively. The aim of this article is exploring a new method based on the cross-section diagram set of the product. The method works in a more accurate way in obtaining the diagram information of product, meanwhile, it describes the change state of products' external characteristics by the simplex dimension of information. The method allows a dynamic and quantized way analysing the external characteristics of the product.
Authors: Shao Xun Jin, Hui Peng Chen, Guo Jin Chen
Abstract: On the foundation of analyzing the excavator’s working device structure, this paper built its three-dimensional model in Catia embedded in the VL Motion, created the bodies, defined the joints and corresponding drive interface to produce the multi-body dynamic model. According to the analysis on the hydraulic system of the working device, it built the electro-hydraulic system with the interface of Motion in AMEsim and then performed the coupled simulation between the Motion and AMEsim. Aiming at the working device’s performance defects, such as the worse displacement tracking, the slow respond, it designed the PID closed loop control system to improve the system’s performance. The simulation results show that the working device’s combination performance has been improved greatly, respond speed becomes fast and the ability of displacement tracking is better.
Authors: Jun Zhu, Feng Yuan, Hong Xia Wu
Abstract: The working principle and process of the hydraulic support column system is introduced at first. The simulation model of the column system is established in the software of AMESim, and the parameters of the model are set according to the actual working conditions. The simulation curves of each working procedure are obtained, and the simulation results are analyzed. The conclusions will be essential references for the research on the entire support hydraulic system.
Authors: Yan Fang Guan, Ming Gang Shen, Li Li Han
Abstract: The application of micropump in microanalytical reagent is widely. In this paper a piezoelectric micropump model that looks like a sandwitch has been put forward. The main structures of the micropump include inlet and outlet pipe, silicon substrate pump body, piezoelectric transducer. In order to find the excellent driving performance, the modals and piezoelectric-stress coupling analysis of the piezoelectric transducer has been carried out with finite element analysis methods. The result proves that the optimal working condition of the micropump is the 1st mode. Finally the micropump model has been fabricated with silicon deep reactive ion etching and UV irreversible irradiation. Through experiment the flow rate and pressure of the micropump reach the maximum in first-order modal that is less than 1000 Hz, and this is accord with the modal analysis.

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